Water Filtration at Home: Better Alternative to Bottled Water
Water is everywhere in Canada. Canada has 1,169,561 square kilometers of freshwater alone – accounting for 11.7% of the country’s total area and yet one in five Canadians choose to drink bottled water over tap water.
According to Statistics Canada, 69% of Canadian households reported that they primarily drink tap water at home in 2015, while 19% reported that bottled water is their main type of drinking water at home.
Harmful Chemicals in Tap Water
Fear of tap water is one of the reasons why Canadians turn to bottled water; this fear isn’t misplaced.
According to Health Canada, tap water can be broken into three parts: 1) source of water; 2) drinking water system; and 3) distribution system which carries the treated water to your home.
“As drinking water travels on its journey to you, it can become contaminated in many ways,” Health Canada said.
Here are some of the harmful chemicals that may contaminate your tap water:
Lead is a soft metal that has a low melting point and resists corrosion. Because of these characteristics, lead has been used sizably since the Roman times and has since become widely distributed in the environment.
In terms of drinking water, lead comes into play as it was used in drinking water systems since ancient Rome; lead was used to make water pipes.
The National Plumbing Code of Canada prohibits the use of lead in pipes in 1975 and as solder in water distribution systems in 1986. According to Health Canada, while the prohibition was in place decades ago, many drinking water systems in Canada “may still have some of these lead components in place today”.
Health Canada, the department of the government of Canada with responsibility for national public health, noted that there’s little lead in natural water sources in Canada, as well as water coming out of the drinking water treatment plants.
The department said that the most significant sources of lead in tap water usually come from water pipes that link the house to the main water supply and from lead solder in plumbing, or from fittings such as faucets made of brass.
The department added that the amount of lead that goes into your tap water depends on many factors, including the age of the plumbing system, the length of time the water sits in the pipes and the chemistry of the water.
According to the World Health Organization (WHO), lead is a toxic metal that affects multiple body systems, including the neurologic, hematologic, cardiovascular, gastrointestinal and renal systems.
“Children are particularly vulnerable to the neurotoxic effects of lead, and even relatively low levels of exposure can cause serious, and in some cases, irreversible neurological damage,” WHO said.
Health Canada said that lead toxicity can increase blood pressure and kidney dysfunction in adults, as well as adverse neurodevelopmental and behavioral effects in children, including reductions in intelligence quotient (IQ) scores in children.
The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC)said that there’s no safe blood lead level in children. “Lead exposure can affect nearly every system in the body,” CDC said. “Because lead exposure often occurs with no obvious symptoms, it frequently goes unrecognized.”
Benzene is another chemical that may be hidden in tap water. Natural sources of this chemical include volcanoes and forest fires. Other sources of this chemical include oil and gasoline. This chemical is also used to make plastics, resins, nylon, synthetic fibers, some types of lubricants, rubbers, dyes, detergents and pesticides. Benzene mixes with drinking water through industrial effluents.
A person can be exposed to benzene by drinking contaminated drinking water and through both inhalation and skin absorption from showering and bathing.
According to Health Canada, benzene is a human carcinogen, which means that any level of exposure in drinking water may increase the risk of cancer.
WHOsaid that exposure to benzene has been associated with a range of acute and long-term adverse health effects and diseases, including aplastic anemia and cancer.
According to CDC, benzene causes cell dysfunction; for instance, it can cause bone marrow to not produce enough red blood cells, resulting in anemia. The CDC added that benzene can damage the immune system by changing blood levels of antibodies and causing the loss of white blood cells.
Lead and benzene are just two examples of harmful chemicals that may contaminate your tap water. Other chemicals that may be hidden in your tap water include the following:
Water Filtration System vs. Bottled Water
Lead, benzene and the above-mentioned harmful chemicals can be removed by using the Simply Pure Chemical Remover, a water filtration system fitted for home use. This water filtration system removes up to 99.9% of harmful chemicals in your tap water, eliminating your fear of drinking tap water.
A home filtration system also eliminates the cost of bottled water. According to Statistics Canada, the average Canadian household spent $41 on bottled water in 2015. Many Canadians, however, spend more than this amount on bottled water today.
Turning to bottled water isn’t a guarantee of getting harmful chemical-free drinking water. As shown in the test conducted by the researchers at the McGill’s Biocolloids and Surfaces Laboratory, 30 of the 50 bottled water tested (from Canada’s five leading brands of bottled water and purchased in Vancouver, Calgary, Toronto and Montreal) contained microplastics.
Microplastics are tiny pieces of plastic less than five millimeters (5,000 microns) in length. The types of plastics found in the bottled water tested by the researchers include polyethylene, polyethylene terephthalate (PET), polyvinyl acetate, nylon, rayon, polystyrene and polytetrafluoroethylene.
Contact ustoday, and start enjoying the health befits of clean water in your home, and protect your family.
If your household bills keep piling up, hard water could be a leading culprit. A Water Softener will help relieve your home of hard water while saving you money.
Hard water refers to the amount of calcium and magnesium in the water. Causes of water hardness include sedimentary rocks and seepage and runoff from soils.
According to the City of Toronto, the average hardness of Toronto water is 124 milligrams per litre, in terms of calcium carbonate, based on the most recent Drinking Water Analysis conducted in 2011. This is equivalent to 8.7 grains per imperial gallon or 7.1 grains per US gallon. The water in Toronto is considered to be moderately hard.
A Water Softener works by removing excess amounts of calcium and magnesium in your home’s water, thus softening the water.
Hard water leads to a buildup of lime scale. Lime scale is mineral deposits that have a hard, chalky, off-white appearance. It is clearly visible in your taps, inside your coffee pot, tea kettle and espresso machine. In places such as the inner parts of pipes or water heaters, the lime scale is not visible.
Here are 7 ways in which a Water Softener will save you money:
1. Cleaning Materials
Lime scale can buildup in visible places such as taps, sinks, kitchen utensils and tiles. Lime scale in these visible places is unsightly and unsanitary. Extra cleaning materials have to be bought to remove lime scale. If your home has a Water Softener, you don’t have to spend money to clean up lime scale.
2. Less Soap Use
Traditionally, hard water is meant to measure the capacity of water to react with soap. Hard water wastes a considerable amount of soap as it needs more soap to produce a lather. If you have hard water in your home, doing laundry, washing dishes, bathing, or washing your hair requires more soap.
With a Water Softener, you can save money since you will be using less soap.
3. Preserving the Quality of Your Clothes and Bedsheets
Hard water can make your clothes and bedsheets look faded even though they’re new. With a Water Softener, the quality of your clothes and bedsheets can be preserved, preventing you from buying new clothes or bedsheets.
4. Preventing Damage to Glassware
Getting rid of hard water stains can easily damage your glassware. Water Softeners eliminate these hard water stains in your glassware.
5. Saving Energy
If the water in your home is hard, most likely lime scale will buildup in your home appliances that one way or another boil water.
According to Carbon Trust, a 1mm layer of lime scale causes a 7% increase in energy input to a boiler. The British Water, meanwhile, estimated that every 1.6mm of lime scale in a heating system causes a 12% loss in heating efficiency. In water heaters, lime scale creates an insulating layer which inhibits the transfer of heat to the water.
Lime scale can diminish the effectiveness of these household appliances and also decrease the efficiency that they work at. The harder these appliances need to work, the more energy they’ll use and the higher your bills will be – installing a Water Softener in your home will prevent this.
6. Increasing the Lifespan of Home Appliances
Energy wastage, as a result of lime scale, is only one part of the equation. Lime scale can also shorten the lifespan of your home appliances. For instance, too much lime scale in your coffee maker can prematurely shorten the lifespan of this machine resulting in purchasing a new one. Consider the procurement of raw materials to produce a new coffee maker and the logistics to produce a new one. Your carbon footprint will just rise.
Water Softeners save you money by preventing lime scale buildup in your home appliances and in return increasing the lifespan of your appliances.
7. Preventing Water Leakage
Lime scale has negative effects in your water pipes. As lime scale starts to build up inside pipes, your water pressure starts to decrease. The buildup of lime scale typically happens around the threaded pipe joints, resulting in water leakage.
Water leakage also happens when lime scale starts to build up around the valves of your dishwasher or washing machine, leading to the failure of valves to close, which results in water leakage as well.
Water leakage can result in a number of negative effects. When your drywall starts to absorb water from leaks, your drywall starts to change its form and swell. This wall distortion can drive down the value of your home.
“Some people, such as those with allergies to molds or with asthma, may have more intense reactions,” the CDC said. “Severe reactions may occur among workers exposed to large amounts of molds in occupational settings, such as farmers working around moldy hay. Severe reactions may include fever and shortness of breath. People with a weakened immune system, such as people receiving treatment for cancer, people who have had an organ or stem cell transplant, and people taking medicines that suppress the immune system, are more likely to get mold infections.”
Mold removal and changing your drywall is expensive. A Water Softener prevents water leakage by stopping the buildup of lime scale inside water pipes and around the valves of your dishwasher or washing machine.
Contact us now to start saving your money today with no upfront investment!
3 Reasons Why Your Home Needs Water Treatment Solutions
Clean and fresh water is essential for our daily needs, from drinking water to washing our hands with it.
The water that runs out from faucets and showers may contain chemicals that could harm our bodies. Below are examples of these harmful chemicals.
According to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC), there’s no known safe level of lead in a child’s blood.
Lead levels of 10 micrograms or more in a deciliter (about half a cup of liquid) of blood in infants and young children can negatively impact their ability to learn. Infants and young children are particularly vulnerable to lead exposure as their growing bodies absorb lead more easily compared to the bodies of adults. Lead ingested by a mother can also affect her unborn child.
“In adults, the strongest scientific evidence to date suggests low levels of lead exposure may cause a small increase in blood pressure,” Statistics Canada said. “The current blood lead intervention level is 10 µg/dL. This is the level at which action is recommended to reduce exposure. However, there is evidence to indicate that negative health effects are occurring at lower levels of exposure than previously thought.”
The CDC added that at much higher blood lead levels, lead can damage the kidneys, blood and nervous system and lead to coma, convulsions or death.
Lead can enter tap water when service pipes that contain lead corrode. Corrosion is defined as the wearing away or dissolving of metal as a result of a chemical reaction between your house plumbing and the water that runs through it. The following are the factors involved in the extent to which lead enters your tap water:
Water chemistry, including alkalinity, acidity, the types and amounts of minerals in the water
Amount of lead that water comes into contact with
Temperature of the water
Amount of wear in the pipes
Period of time that water stays in the pipes
Presence of protective coatings or scales inside the plumbing materials
Homes that were built before 1986 are more likely to have lead pipes, solder and fixtures.
Chlorine is available in gas, solid and liquid form. The liquid form of chlorine is used by municipal water systems as a water additive to kill harmful bacteria.
Exposure of small amounts of chlorine in drinking water isn’t harmful. The taste and smell of chlorine, however, make drinking from the faucet off-putting.
Taking a long bath or shower also increases a person’s risk for chlorine gas exposure. According to the CDC, the extent of poisoning caused by chlorine exposure depends on the following aspects: amount of chlorine, how the person was exposed and the length of time of the exposure.
Burning pain, redness and blisters on the skin if exposed to gas
Skin injuries similar to frostbite can occur if it is exposed to liquid chlorine
Burning sensation in the nose, throat and eyes
Tightness in the chest
Difficulty breathing or shortness of breath
Fluid in the lungs (pulmonary edema) that may be delayed by a few hours
Nausea and vomiting
“Long-term complications may occur after breathing in high concentrations of chlorine. Complications are more likely to be seen in people who develop severe health problems such as fluid in the lungs (pulmonary edema) following the initial exposure,” the CDC said.
3. Calcium & Magnesium (Hard Water)
Hard water is defined as water with high dissolved minerals, particularly magnesium and calcium. The National Research Council (National Academy of Sciences) considers drinking hard water as beneficial in contributing a small amount toward total calcium and magnesium in human dietary needs.
Hard water, however, has its negative effects. Below are some of the negative effects of hard water.
1. High Cost of Soap or Detergent
Hard water results in high cost if you’re using most of your residential water for washing, be it your hands, hair, your dishes or clothes. With hard water, more soap or detergent is needed to get things clean. Hard water requires more soap to produce a lather.
2. Mineral Buildup
Hard water causes mineral buildup. This mineral buildup isn’t just caused by calcium and magnesium. Other minerals – aluminium, barium, iron, manganese, strontium and zinc – in tap water also contribute to this mineral buildup.
This mineral buildup can be seen in faucets – in the area where the water flows. This isn’t just ugly to look at but it also causes bacteria to buildup, it can restrict the water flow and clog the pipes. This mineral buildup also leaves spots on dishes, flatware and glassware.
3. Destroys Home Appliances
Just like the faucets, mineral buildup can also happen in appliances like water heater, dishwasher, coffeemaker and other home appliances that heat tap water.
When hard water is heated like in a coffeemaker, solid deposits of calcium carbonate can form. That’s the reason why people pour vinegar into the pot of the coffeemaker – to eradicate this mineral buildup.
These solid deposits or mineral buildup can reduce the lifespan of the appliance, increase the costs of heating the water and lower the efficiency of the equipment.
4. Scratchy Clothing
Minerals left by hard water on clothes can shorten the lifespan of your clothes, cause discoloration and leave clothes hard or feel harsh on the skin.
Water Treatment Solutions
Water treatment solutions can remove up to 99.9% of harmful chemicals and hardness in your water. Water filtration solutions include water softeners and chemical removers.
Simply Soft Water Softeners removes all hard water through an ion exchange process at high salt efficiencies. Simply Pure Chemical Removers, meanwhile, removes lead, chlorine and other volatile organic chemicals, including the following:
Call today and protect your family, and save on appliance maintenance
3 Ways Hard Water Increases Your Household Expenses
As water travels through rocks and soils, it absorbs very small amounts of minerals like calcium and magnesium. This is how it becomes hard water.
These two minerals aren’t necessarily a problem. In fact, the World Health Organization (WHO) considers dissolved calcium and magnesium in water as essential to human health. Calcium, in particular, is good for our bones and teeth; while magnesium is credited for preventing muscle weakness and irregular heartbeat.
What is Hard Water
A higher than average volume of calcium and magnesium in water makes water “hard”. Other minerals aside from calcium and magnesium like iron also result to hard water. Water hardness can come from surface water – water that moves through rocks and soils, groundwater, inorganic chemical and mining industries. Surface water is generally softer than groundwater.
Water hardness is primarily the amount of magnesium and calcium in water. It’s computed by adding up the concentrations of magnesium and calcium, and converting this value to an equivalent concentration of calcium carbonate in milligrams per liter (mg/L) of water.
In the paper “Guidelines for Canadian Drinking Water Quality”, Health Canada categorizes waters with a calcium carbonate concentration less than 75 mg/L as “soft”; between 75 and 150 mg/L as “moderately hard”; between 150 and 300 mg/L as “hard”; and more than 300 mg/L as “very hard”.
Water Quality Association (WQA), meanwhile, categorizes less than 1 grains per gallon (gpg) and less than 17 per mg/L as “soft”; 1 to 3.5 gpg or 17.1 to 60 mg/L as “slightly hard”; 3.5 to 7 gpg or 60 to 120 mg/L as “moderately hard”; 7 to 10.5 gpg or 120 to 180 mg/L as “hard”; and more than 10.5 gpg or more than 180 mg/L as “very hard”. Click here to view the water hardness level in your city.
Hard water increases your household expenses in three ways:
1. Hard Water Results in Excessive Soap and Detergent Consumption
Traditionally, hardness in water is tested by using soap. If the soap lathers or foams easily, the water is considered as soft. If it takes some time for the soap to lather, then the water is considered as hard. Hardness of water is evident in our daily household tasks, from personal grooming, bathing, dishwashing and laundering. As hard water makes it difficult to form lather, this lessens the cleaning effect of soaps and detergents. Water hardness makes soaps and detergents less effective as hardness renders active ingredient in soaps and detergents partially inactivated.
The harder the water, the more soaps and detergents are needed to clean your hands, hair, body or for washing your dishes and laundry. Hard water also causes graying of white fabrics and the loss of brightness in colored fabrics. It can also shorten the lifespan of your clothes.
2. Hard Water Lowers Efficiency, Shrinks Lifespan and Raises Costs of Water-Using Appliances
If you’ve ever used an electric kettle, chances are you’ve most likely spotted a limescale. It’s that stony, off-white crust covering the bottom of your electric kettle. This hard, off-white crust is also evident in your coffee maker and water heater.
When hard water is heated or left unattended, the dissolved minerals in it solidifies and forms a limescale – also known as calcium carbonate or simply scale – as the moisture evaporates. It can shrink the lifespan, lower the efficiency and raise the costs of heating water of water-using appliances. Limescale can also manifest through dry, itchy skin and scalp.
“Water quality is the single most important factor affecting the life of the water heater,” the Natural Resources Canada said in the paper “Water Heater Guide”.
According to the Natural Resources Canada, the average person in Canada uses 75 L of hot water per day and the average Canadian household uses 225 L. Hot water in Canadian homes are used mostly, according to the Natural Resources Canada for faucet use – food preparation and handwashing (34%), followed by shower (25%), bath (17%), clothes washer (15%), leak (5%) and dishwasher (4%).
A Pacific Northwest National Laboratory report found that local water quality is one of the factors that affects most significantly to the performance and longevity of water heating equipment. The report highlighted that highly alkaline water – rich in calcium, magnesium and other minerals – will lead to the accumulation of “scale”, which will impact the efficiency of water heaters’ storage and can lead to decreased equipment life.
“Increasing the lifetime of water heaters can improve the cost-effectiveness and increase the amount of savings achieved by an efficient water heater investment,” the Pacific Northwest National Laboratory report said.
3. Hard Water Clogs Pipes
Limescale can also develop on the inner walls of pipes where there’s hard water or water with high mineral content. As water travels through the pipes, calcium ions present in hard water react with the air inside to form limescale. The limescale buildup can slowly clog water pipes, resulting in lowering of water pressure and less water movement. Limescale inside your pipes may require an expensive pipe replacement.
How is Hard Water Treated
A New Mexico State University report found that preventing and reducing limescale buildup in appliances and pipes, households could achieve longer lifespan for their water-using appliances and pipes between 25 and 40 percent.
A water softener is a home water filtration system that removes up to 99.9% of harmful minerals in your household water. By installing a water softener in your home, you can enjoy the following benefits:
Save money on soaps and detergents;
For use fewer soaps and detergents, you help save the environment; and
Prolong the lifespan, increase efficiency and lowers the cost of your water-using appliances and pipes.
“Conditioning of water, including central softening and stabilization, may be necessary to reduce corrosion of piping materials and/or scaling effects in installations and to improve consumer acceptability,” WHO said. “Corrosion and scaling can be associated with adverse effects on health (from leachates such as lead) and the environment (from leachates such as copper if the water is not conditioned) and reduced lifespan of the distribution network and appliances using water.”
Then, you’ll need to get to work on what type of unit will make the best water softener for you and your home.
The Main Types Of Water Softeners
1) Salt-Based Systems: These types of water softeners use sodium ions to get rid of the calcium and magnesium ions in your current water. They use a tank of brine that you’ll need to update fairly regularly (but there are also automatic options.)
This is an ideal system for someone looking for a convenient option, who doesn’t have time to constantly pay attention to the system.
Keep in mind that for larger central systems, a drain must be accessible for the unit to function.
2) Salt-Free Systems: These are a little more high-tech, and use nano-technology to soften the water’s structure. Especially if you’re dealing with serious limestone build-up, this is the option for you.
Since this doesn’t contain any salt, it can be a bit cheaper to operate and are generally smaller in size. Note though, that they only work for moderate issues with hardness.
3) Since salt- based systems add a small amount of salt to your water, it’s a great idea to add Reverse Osmosis system for your drinking water.
Reverse Osmosis dissolves inorganic solids and removes them from the water. This process ensures that one your water is softened, all sodium is removed from your water so you can drink directly from the tap! These systems are typically installed by your kitchen sink and are small in size.
Plus, these systems don’t have any additional water run-off, meaning you won’t have to worry about cleanup.
When it comes to finding the best water softener, you have a lot of options!
You’re Ready To Find The Best Water Softener For Your Home
Now that you know how to make the right choice, it’s time to find the people that can help you install it and answer any additional questions you may have.